Eye problems can be aggravated or caused by other health problems. Certain diseases can affect the eye negatively. These diseases range in seriousness from mild to extremely serious. If you suffer from any of these diseases it is important to work extra hard to protect your vision. Below are a list of common diseases that can affect your eye health:


Thyroid diseases

Diseases of the thyroid can affect the eyes. Both high, and low thyroid function can increase the risk that a person has of getting glaucoma (which is increased blood pressure in the eye). With hyperthyroid conditions, tissues build up around the eye, which increases the pressure on the eye. With low thyroid diseases, fluid builds up around the eye because of circulation issues.



If you suffer from diabetes, you may find that eye issues are increased. Diabetes can cause blindness and damage to the blood vessels behind the eyes. This is usually due to poor blood sugar, which eventually leads to damage of the eye tissue and blood vessels around the eyes. With damaged blood vessels comes reduced vision or complete blindness.


Rheumatoid arthritis

Arthritis is an inflammatory disease that can also affect the eyes. Common side effects of RA are dryness of the eyes, inflammation of the whites of the eyes, thinning of the cornea, and several other symptoms. If you suffer from RA, it is important to discuss your eye health with your doctor as well as with an optometrist.



Uveitis is an autoimmune disorder. This disease causes inflammation, which can also affect the eyes. The inflammation affects the pigmented cells of the iris and it can also affect the middle layers of the eye. This can cause blurred vision, red eyes, and “floating” particles in the eye or that block some part of vision.


High blood pressure


Another health issues that can affect the eyes is high blood pressure. It can be difficult to detect signs of trouble because by the time the eye blood vessels are affected enough to notice, then eye problems are usually already present. High blood pressure leads to ocular hypertension (pressure on the eyes), which leads to a host of problems, including glaucoma, blurred vision, optic nerve damage, and temporary or complete vision loss.

Blurred vision is the leading symptom for high blood pressure turning into glaucoma. If you have frequent blurred vision, it is important to talk to your doctor about treatment methods that will reduce your chances of eye hypertension turning into glaucoma.


These five diseases can lead to a host of problems with the eyes. If you have any of the above disease, it is important to discuss the potential affects with your eye doctor. Your doctor will likely be able to reduce the effects of the disease on your eyes, but only if you communicate with your doctor and set up preventative care.

Another common issue, that damages the eyesight more than people would think, is the not wearing of prescription glasses or contact lenses. Protecting your eyesight should be a top priority, because one your vision is gone, it is much harder to bring it back, and in some cases, impossible.

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